Machine design necessitates the use of mechanical equipment. A machine is a tool that can be used to perform any work, whereas equipment is a collection of tools that are required for a specific task.
The Latin word ‘machina’ is the source of the word ‘machine.’ Due to its particular employment in military siege engines, the current meaning of the word has been impacted. They’re also found in stage engines, which are employed in the theater.
The Greek philosopher Archimedes coined the term “simple machine” after studying levers, pulleys, and screws and discovering the principle of mechanical advantage in the lever. Furthermore, Greek philosophers defined the traditional five simple machines, which were used to compute mechanical advantages in a rough manner. The five mechanisms identified by Heron of Alexandria in his study were the lever, windlass, pulley, wedge, and screw, which were understood to set a weight in motion. The mechanical advantages of the inclined plane, which was combined with basic machines, were discovered by Flemish engineer Simon Stevin. Leonardo da Vinci also made a contribution to machine science by developing the traditional rules of sliding friction.
A simple machine is a device that changes the magnitude or direction of a force. It’s a tool with one or more elements that uses energy to achieve a certain aim. Machine evolution began with the start of the Industrial Revolution, bringing improvements to agriculture, industry, mining, transportation, and technology, all of which had a significant impact on the social, economic, and cultural conditions of the time.
Machines are often electrified and driven by mechanical, chemical, thermal, or electrical processes. Today’s electronic technology has transformed machines into a kind of non-portable and evolving power tool. Machines are very common in mechanics. The term “mechanical” refers to a machine or work performed using a machine. It mainly affects the mechanical applications of machine tools and science. They all consist of the same components.
Structural components such as gear trains, transistor switches, belt or chain drives, linkages, cam and cam follower systems, brakes and clutches, frame members and fasteners are one of the mechanical elements that control movement in a variety of ways. Sensors, actuators and computer controls are all part of modern machines. Machines and automations are assembled, planned and used where the machines are actually operated. They are still controlled by the controller, which is itself a machine.
Machines are of different types as:
- Simple machines
- Electrical machines
- Electronic machines
- Computing machines
- Molecular machines
The term “equipment” has a broader meaning and refers to everything needed to carry out an activity. They serve as a group of facilities for mechanical or other types of work. The set of tools that humans use for a particular task is sometimes called a device. They are the machines or big tools needed to perform the task. These are the components needed to develop any structure from start to finish. They consist of all the tools needed to create a machine.
Equipment is essentially a tool needed for mechanical purposes to repair a machine. They are the key elements that allowed ancient people to stand at the top of the food chain. They are items that help you get whatever substance you want. Material objects that can be used to achieve a goal, especially if the object is not consumed by the process, are called tools. It also refers to a technology or process with a specific goal. Equipment is required for product design, development, construction, manufacturing and delivery.
Numerous fundamental commodities, which play a critical role in the development and requirement of equipments, may be found in equipments. They are:
- Military equipment
- Medical equipment
- Sports equipment
- Mobile equipment
- Mechanical equipment of machines
- Heavy equipment at the construction site
- Self propelled passenger equipment
- Rocket climbing equipment and many more.